Do you have a specific difficulty saying certain sounds or words?

Difficulties with articulation can be due to a variety of reasons; their origin can be from birth (e.g. anatomical or physiological reasons) or acquired later in life due to accidents or neurological causes. Articulation is the movement of mouth muscles with the main articulators; which are the lips, teeth, alveolar ridge (behind the upper teeth), hard palate, velum, glottis (vocal cords including the space between then), and the tongue. Any difficulty with these can result in an articulation disorder.

Lisps are one of the most common types of articulation disorder, they cause specific sounds to be said in a disordered way. Incorrect placement of the articulators of speech (for example the tongue being in the wrong place, or an incorrect mouth shape can cause problems with particular sounds. Speech and language therapists are able to carry out a thorough assessment of a person’s speech system to identify any articulation difficulties and provide therapy exercises if appropriate.

If you have no specific difficulty but would like to see if your communication can be improved, please see the improve your communication section.

Articulation disorders should not be confused with motor speech disorders, such as dysarthria – where there is actual paralysis of the speech musculature, or speech apraxia in which motor planning is severely impaired.


I am an experienced speech and language therapist, with my own private practice in central London who has helped many people to improve their articulation and speech clarity. Please contact me if you have any questions, or if you would like to discuss any of these issues.